A facial fracture can be a devastating injury that affects both the bone structure and the soft tissue of your face, leaving you feeling self-conscious. At Recon Plastic Surgery Centre, Hubli, Dr. Arun Jeedi offers maxillofacial surgery/ facial fracture fixation to help patients heal well while maintaining full facial function and a healthy appearance.
Facial fractures are a common type of injury. They can occur when there is a force applied to the face that is greater than the bone can withstand. The most common causes of facial fractures are car accidents, falls, and sports injuries. Symptoms of a facial fracture include pain, swelling, bruising, and deformity of the affected area. If you suspect that you or someone else has a facial fracture, it is important to seek medical attention immediately. Facial fractures can be difficult to diagnose and treat, so it is important to see a doctor or surgeon as soon as possible.
Facial fracture fixation or surgery is typically recommended for patients who have broken bones in their face that cannot be treated with conservative measures, such as immobilization. Surgery may also be recommended for patients who have fractures that are causing cosmetic deformities or affecting the function of the facial structures, such as the mouth or eyes.Book Appointment
At your consultation, Dr. Arun Jeedi will review your medical history and ask about the circumstances surrounding your injury. He will then perform a physical examination of your face. In some cases, he may order imaging tests, such as X-rays, CT scans, or MRIs, to get a better look at the bones in your face. Once Dr. Arun has a diagnosis, he will develop a treatment plan that is tailored to your individual needs.
A maxillary fracture is a break in the bones that make up the upper jaw. The maxilla is the bone that makes up the middle part of the face. It includes the area around the eye socket (orbit), nose, and cheekbone.
Maxillary fractures generally result from a collision with an immovable object, a fall from a great height, or a motor vehicle accident. Maxillary fractures are classified according to the Le Fort fracture classification system.
Le Fort I: Also called horizontal fractures, the Le Fort I fractures are characterized by fractures that run up and over the top lip, separating the teeth from the maxilla, as well as the lower portion of the nasal passages.
Le Fort II: Also called pyramidal fractures, Le Fort II fractures involve a break in the bridge of the nose and separation of the upper jaw from the rest of the face.
Le Fort III: Also called craniofacial disjunction fractures, Le Fort III fractures are the most severe type of maxillary fracture. They extend across the bridge of the nose, through the eye sockets, and to the side of the face.
Patients with maxillary fractures present with malocclusion (misalignment of teeth), double vision, bleeding from the nose or mouth, and difficulty in breathing.
The surgical treatment for maxillary fractures is done under general anesthesia. The surgery will be determined by the fracture’s position and severity.
Intermaxillary fixation (IMF): This surgery is used to stabilize the bones of the maxilla. It is done by placing wires or screws through the teeth into the bone.
Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF): In this type, Dr. Arun will make an incision in the skin to access the bone. The bone is then manipulated into the correct position and held in place with screws, wires, or plates.
The mandible is the lower jawbone, and a fracture of the mandible is a break in this bone. Mandible fractures can range from a small crack to a complete break in the bone and may occur in any areas of the mandible, such as the condyles (where the mandible meets the TMJs or temporomandibular joints), ramus (vertical part of the mandible), body (horizontal part of the mandible which supports the teeth), angle (where the ramus connects to the body), and symphysis (front of the mandible).
Mandible fractures are generally caused by trauma to the face, such as from a fall, car accident, assault, or sports injury. Symptoms of a mandible fracture include pain, swelling, malocclusion (misalignment of teeth), numbness, and loose teeth.
The surgical treatment for mandible fractures is done under general anesthesia. Depending upon the location and severity of the fracture in the lower jaw, Dr. Arun may perform closed reduction (moving the bone into the correct position without making an incision in the skin) and internal fixation or open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF).
The frontal bone is the bone that makes up the forehead. Frontal bone fractures can occur as a result of head trauma, such as from a fall or car accident. Symptoms of a frontal bone fracture include pain, swelling, bruising, and deformity of the affected area.
Based on the location and severity of the fracture, Dr. Arun will decide whether to perform frontal sinus ablation/obliteration, closed reductions, cranialization, or open reduction with internal fixation (ORIF).
The orbit is the bony cavity that houses the eye. An orbital fracture is a break in any of the bones that make up the orbit. Orbital fractures usually occur as a result of blunt force trauma to the eye area.
Orbital fractures can be divided into three categories:
Orbital rim fracture: A fracture of the bony rim that surrounds the orbit. It takes a lot of force to break the rim. One of the major reasons for this sort of fracture is car accidents. If someone has an orbital rim fracture, there’s a good chance they’ve also suffered other facial injuries, as well as the optic nerve.
Blowout fracture: A fracture to the floor or inner wall of the orbit (eye socket) or eye socket. A crack in the extremely thin bone that makes up these walls can squeeze muscles and other structures around the eye, preventing the eyeball from moving freely. This type of fracture is common in sports injuries or getting hit by a fist.
Orbital floor fracture: A fracture of the orbital floor is a break in the bone that makes up the bottom of the eye socket. This type of fracture can also cause damage to the muscles and nerves surrounding the eye, preventing it from moving properly and feeling normal.
The surgical treatment for orbital fractures will depend on the location and severity of the fracture but in general, the goal of the surgery is to
A nasal bone fracture is a break in the bone that forms the bridge of the nose and is among the most common facial bone fractures. Nasal bone fractures occur as a result of car accidents, sports injuries, and assaults. Symptoms of a nasal bone fracture include pain, swelling, bruising, difficulty in breathing, and deformity of the nose.
The most typical form of nasal fracture repair is closed nasal reduction. This is usually done using a general anesthetic. The bones are pushed back into position and held in place with a splint. If the septum is fractured (the center of the nose divides left from right), it may also be reduced and splinted at the same.
The NOE complex is a bony skeleton made up of a union of bones from the nose, orbits, maxilla, and cranium. NOE fractures occur as a result of trauma to the midface’s center and can occur in isolation or can accompany other facial fractures. These fractures are among the most challenging of all facial fractures to detect and treat. They need to be managed properly to prevent functional and aesthetic deformities later.
Open reduction and internal fixation are the standard care for treating these fractures. This means that the surgeon will make an incision to access the fracture and then use plates and screws to hold the bone in place while it heals. The surgeon will also address any other associated injuries at the same time.
Zygomaticomaxillary Complex (ZMC) facial fractures are injuries to the zygoma (cheekbone) and surrounding facial bones. ZMC fractures are commonly the result of blunt force trauma to the cheek, such as from a car crash or a fight. It may cause flatness of the cheek, altered sensation under the eye, pain, and severe bruising. If the problem is not diagnosed, it can lead to undesirable cosmetic and functional outcomes.
Immediate treatment is crucial to regain natural facial contour and provide support for the eyes. Surgical fixation by means of closed reduction or open reduction with internal fixation (ORIF) is the usual method.
After any type of facial fracture surgery, it is important to follow Dr. Arun Jeedi ’s instructions carefully to promote healing and minimize the risk of complications.
In general, you can expect the following after your surgery:
The goal of facial fracture surgery is to restore the normal function and appearance of your face. This can improve your quality of life by reducing pain, minimizing the risk of infection, improving breathing, chewing and eating, speaking, and vision, and restoring a natural appearance. Facial fracture surgery can also help to improve your mental health by boosting self-esteem and confidence.
Dr. Arun Jeedi will calculate the cost of the facial fracture fixation during the OPD consultation after considering the unique circumstances of the patient, understanding the patient’s goals and objectives, and discussing both advantages and disadvantages of various surgical treatments.Book Appointment
If you have any queries about maxillofacial surgery/ facial fracture fixation or any other procedure, we invite you for a one-on-one consultation with Dr. Arun Jeedi at Recon Plastic Surgery Centre, where he will thoroughly answer all of your questions.Book Appointment
As with any surgical procedure, bleeding and infection are the common risks associated with facial fracture surgery. Other risks specific to this type of surgery include nerve damage, which can result in numbness, tingling, or weakness in the face. This may improve on its own, although it may take a long time. Additionally, any incisions made to the face will leave a scar, but these scars should fade with time and are often hard to notice after a few months.
To minimize the risks associated with facial fracture surgery, it is important to choose a board-certified plastic surgeon like Dr. Arun Jeedi who has experience performing this type of surgery.
Dr. Arun Jeedi is a young and dynamic plastic surgeon with extensive practical experience and expertise in the ever-evolving field of plastic, cosmetic, and reconstructive surgery. Whether you are looking to improve your appearance for a special occasion or you need reconstructive surgery after an accident or illness, Dr. Jeedi can help you achieve your goals. He believes that everyone deserves to look and feel their best, and he will work closely with you to create a treatment plan that meets your unique needs.